As we have seen in earlier chapters, social identity is important for our life chances.Some children have advantages throughout life because of the social identity they acquire from their parents, while others face many obstacles because the social class or race/ethnicity into which they are born is at the bottom of the social hierarchy.The family can also be a source of conflict, including physical violence and emotional cruelty, for its own members.The interaction of family members and intimate couples involves shared understandings of their situations.Recall that the functional perspective emphasizes that social institutions perform several important functions to help preserve social stability and otherwise keep a society working.
First, the family is the primary unit for socializing children.
The family performs several essential functions for society.
It socializes children, it provides emotional and practical support for its members, it helps regulate sexual activity and sexual reproduction, and it provides its members with a social identity.
Fourth, the family provides its members with a social identity.
Children are born into their parents’ social class, race and ethnicity, religion, and so forth.